Species

Recording notes

The majority of recording work is carried out by members on an ad-hoc basis, with sightings being written into the site log book, which is kept in the Hide, or sent by email to the Site Records Co-ordinator, Paul Beard.

The reserve has 27 bird nest boxes and, in consultation with the neighbouring farm, has erected a further 20 on trees along the brook and in nearby woods.  The boxes are surveyed and maintained each winter.

In addition to the ad-hoc sightings of butterflies, a formal recording system was initiated in 2013 when the reserve was included in the county’s network of butterfly transect sites that form part of the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme.  A small team of members work on a rota basis to carry out the transect recording and reporting.  This involves slowly walking a fixed route around the reserve, in suitable weather, recording the numbers of each species seen in each pre-defined section of the route, once in every week from 1st April to the end of September.  The recording is repeated every year in order to built up a continuous record which can be utilised in analyses of trends at site, county and national scale.

A light trap has been operated sporadically since 2013 resulting in a moth list of 180 species.  There remains considerable scope for beginner or expert with their own portable light trap; the reserve, although compact, has a mix of rough grassland, wet grassland, hedgerow, riparian and deciduous woodland habitats.

Regarding plants and fungi, it would be helpful if recorders note the general location of each species found by using the reserve compartment numbers, which are shown on this map (pdf format).  Note that hedge numbers (Hn) are also used, and that aquatic and bank-slope plants can be located by the name of the water feature.

An annual survey of mammals is carried out by the Derbyshire Mammal Group.  In 2006 a Water Vole survey was performed by Derbyshire Wildlife Trust and club members.

Species summary

The total number of species recorded at the reserve from the start of record keeping up to the end of 2015 is 774.  The importance of a nature reserve could be judged to some extent by the number of UK Priority Species it supports – 45 species recorded at the lower Jim Mart Nature Reserve fall into this category*; 13 birds, 6 mammals, 1 amphibian, 1 fish, 2 butterflies and 22 moths.
*Based on the Lowland Derbyshire Biodiversity Action Plan 2011-2020.

Seventy-five (75) species of birds have been recorded in total, which includes all species detected on, over and from the reserve.  The number of species recorded each year is now fairly consistent, typically 45 to 50.
UK Priority Species: Bullfinch, Cuckoo, Curlew, Dunnock, Lapwing, Redpoll, Reed Bunting, Song Thrush, Spotted Flycatcher, Starling, Willow Tit, Willow Warbler, Yellowhammer.

The Lepidoptera are represented by 26 species of butterfly and 180 species of moth (including micro-moths).  In 2015, 19 species of butterfly were recorded, lower than the previous best-ever years of 2013 and 2014. 
UK Priority Species:
Butterflies – Dingy Skipper, Small Heath
Moths – Blood-vein, Brown-spot Pinion, Buff Ermine, Centre-barred Sallow, Dark-barred Twin-spot Carpet, Dusky Brocade, Dusky Thorn, Forester, Grass Rivulet, Green-brindled Crescent, Grey Dagger, Heath Rustic, Knot Grass, Latticed Heath, Mottled Rustic, Mouse Moth, Rosy Rustic, Rustic, Shaded Broad-bar, Small Phoenix, Small Square-spot, White Ermine.

Golden-ringed dragonfly

Golden-ringed dragonfly

Eighteen (18) Odonata species have been recorded in total. Six common damselfly species are usually seen each year, including Banded Demoiselle.  The dragonflies are less consistent, with between 5 and 10 species seen each year out of a species list of 12; 2015 was the poorest year of the last eight.

Plants, including 31 species of trees but excluding bryophytes, make up the second largest proportion (27%) of the total species list.

Other groups include mammals (25 species including 7 species of bat), ‘other’ insects and spiders (202 species), 3 species of amphibians and 4 fish.
UK Priority Species:
Mammals – Brown Hare, Hedgehog, Water Vole; Brown Long-eared Bat, Noctule Bat, Soprano Pipistrelle Bat.
Amphibians – Common Toad
Fish – Trout

Overall an impressive number of species, and there are still many animal and plant groups under-recorded.

Frogs in Bottom Pond (March 2012)

Frogs in Bottom Pond (March 2012)